Project Smart ~ Exploring trends and developments in project management today

Calendar icon
Adobe PDF icon

Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK)

~ By Duncan Haughey

PMI logo

Now in its fifth edition, the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) is a collection of processes and knowledge areas accepted as best practice for the project management profession.

As an internationally recognised standard (ANSI/PMI 99-001-2008 and IEEE 1490-2011) it provides the fundamentals of project management, irrespective of the type of project be it construction, software, engineering, automotive.

PMBOK recognises five basic process groups and ten knowledge areas typical of almost all projects. The basic concepts are applicable to projects, programmes and operations. The five basic process groups are:

  1. Initiating
  2. Planning
  3. Executing
  4. Monitoring and Controlling
  5. Closing

Processes overlap and interact throughout a project or phase. Processes are described in terms of:

  • Inputs (documents, plans, designs, etc.)
  • Tools and Techniques (mechanisms applied to inputs)
  • Outputs (documents, products, etc.)

The ten knowledge areas are:

  1. Project Integration Management
  2. Project Scope Management
  3. Project Time Management
  4. Project Cost Management
  5. Project Quality Management
  6. Project Human Resource Management
  7. Project Communications Management
  8. Project Risk Management
  9. Project Procurement Management
  10. Project Stakeholder Management (added in the 5th edition)

Each knowledge area contains some or all of the project management processes. For example, Project Procurement Management includes:

  • Plan Procurements
  • Conduct Procurements
  • Administer Procurements
  • Close Procurements

Much of PMBOK is unique to project management, for example, critical path and work breakdown structure (WBS). Some areas overlap with other management disciplines. General management also includes planning, organising, staffing, executing and controlling the operations of an organisation. Financial forecasting, organisational behaviour and planning techniques are also similar.

CAPM and PMP

The Project Management Institute (PMI) is the publisher of PMBOK (now in its fifth edition) and offers two levels of certification:

A Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM) has demonstrated a common base of knowledge and terms in the field of project management. It requires a secondary degree (high school diploma or global equivalent) and either 1500 hours of work on a project team or 23 contact hours of formal education in project management.

A Project Management Professional (PMP) has met specific education and experience requirements, has agreed to adhere to a code of professional conduct and has passed an examination designed to objectively assess and measure project management knowledge. In addition, a PMP must satisfy continuing certification requirements or lose the certification.

As of February 2012, PMI reported over 378,749 members, with 472,799 active Project Management Professionals (PMP) and 16,939 active Certified Associate in Project Managements (CAPM).¹ Over 44,000 PMP certifications expire annually; a PMP must document ongoing project management experience and education every three years to keep their certification current.

PMI is currently developing the sixth edition of the PMBOK Guide, which is expected in Q1 2017.


References

¹ PMI Today Magazine, April 2012.


Comments

Be the first to comment on this article.

Add a comment



(never displayed)



 
2000
What is the next number: 12, 14, 16, ..?
Notify me of new comments via email.
Remember my form inputs on this computer.

Is Your Project Proposal READY?

Businessman saying: Are you ready in retro style pop art

The mnemonic READY is useful when creating a project proposal. It will help you produce a project proposal that's difficult to ignore.

Coming to Terms With the Finish Date

Colourful calendar pages

Every project has a finish date. This article looks at how the finish date for a project is derived and how a project team comes to terms with that date.

How to Build a High-Performance Project Team

Business people and bar graph going upwards

What makes a winning project team? Why do some teams achieve greatness while others struggle? Let's look at the factors present on winning project teams.

Estimating Project Costs

Money and a calculator

Tips and advice for estimating project costs, including three point estimating and Monte Carlo Simulation in MS Excel.

PROJECT SMART is the project management resource that helps managers at all levels improve their performance. We provide an important knowledge base for those involved in managing projects of all kinds. With weekly exclusive updates, we keep you in touch with the latest project management thinking.

WE ARE CONNECTED ~ Follow us on social media to get regular updates and opinion on what's happening in the world of project management.


Latest Comments

Yudi commented on…
MoSCoW Method
- Sat 1 August 10:15am

Takunda Knox commented on…
Project Management Tools
- Tue 28 July 4:09pm

Philip VonSteinmann commented on…
How to Make Changes on a Project
- Tue 28 July 1:11am

Latest tweets

General Project Management • Re: Project Resource Capacity Planning https://t.co/JkJMQ1nxWd about 6 days ago

RT @StephenRCovey: "You don't manage people; you manage things. You lead people." - Admiral Grace Hopper #management #leadership #Leadershi… about 18 days ago

General Project Management • Sustainability thinking in Project Management https://t.co/yV71dkfgp8 about 20 days ago