~ By Duncan Haughey
PRINCE2 is the UK de-facto standard for project management developed by the Government and used in both the public and private sectors. The acronym stands for Projects in Controlled Environments - the "2" refers to its relaunch in October 1996.
PRINCE was developed by the Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (CCTA) now part of the Office of Government Commerce (OGC). The method was developed from PROMPTII, a project management method originally created in 1975 by Simpact Systems Limited. PROMPTII stands for Project, Resource, Organisation, Management and Planning Technique. The CCTA adopted PROMPTII in 1979 as the standard for all government information systems projects. PRINCE replaced PROMPTII in 1989. For the 1996 relaunch the PRINCE2 method was geared towards a generic best practice approach and has since been used for many different types of project.
Unlike many other methods, PRINCE2 focuses on the delivery of products rather than carrying out activities. Every project must have a business case and plan that is periodically reviewed.
The PRINCE2 method is in the public domain therefore, users are not tied to any single organisation for consultancy, training and support.
PRINCE2 is a process-based approach to project management. Each is defined with its key inputs and outputs with the specific objectives to be achieved and activities to be carried out. The eight processes are:
Within each of the processes PRINCE2 produces documents such as the Project Initiation Document (PID) used to define the project, form the basis for its management and assessment of overall success. The Risk Log is used to identify record and grade risks to the project and the Lessons Learned Report used to pass on any lessons that can be usefully applied to other projects.
PRINCE2 provides a scalable framework that can be tailored to meet the needs of any organisation, providing a controlled environment through which to deliver projects with the resulting benefits.
These are some of the benefits that are obtained from using PRINCE2:
PRINCE2 has been adopted by many organisations worldwide both large and small, they include:
These are my tips for passing the PRINCE2 Practitioners Exam: